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But man, through the intelligence he inherited from God, endangers the balance. People destroy nature, expand unrestrained, root out whole animal species, oust peoples, try to exterminate peoples. All this man does, because he fails to adapt his vital urge, his natural proclivity to violence, to the power that God gave to him.

Fundamentals of ethics


Pythagoras (in Greek: Πυθαγόρας) accepted only factors 2 (octave) and 3 (fifth) for these ratios. That does produce elegant ratios, except in somewhat more complete scales, when rather large integers appear in the frequency ratios. For example, a major third, built from two major seconds of 9:8, gets the ratio 81:64 (or 407.82 cents). A must nicer ratio is 5:4, also a major third, at 386.31 cents. But this requires the factor 5, which Πυθαγόρας did not want. Aristoxenos (Αριστόξενος in Greek) did.

Arabic music takes this a step further: it also uses the factor 11. (And 7, or so they say, but I have never heard that myself. I have found the factor 17; see below). Three tones with frequency ratios 10:11:12 produce intervals of 165.00 and 150.64 cents, which is approximately 150, or one and a half semitones. Together that clearly makes 315.64, which corresponds to the minor third ratio of 6:5. By combining these intervals with the more "common" ones in several ways, we get the maqmt in this aforementioned link.

Amsterdam is a melodious city


That alone makes it clear that a bank could never use money creation for their own benefit.

Left or right


Traditional money does not have this problem. It is always generic, has a value of its own independent of any commodities, and is fully divisible and combinable.

CMI, and then?


Holy books, which are the basis of many religions, are indeed inspired by God, because they were written by humans from their wisdom, which is part of God’s holy creation. But they are not infallible, the inherited divine responsability of mankind makes it an obligation to regard those holy books critically, to take from them what is good, but to improve, or if necessary even reject, what is inappropriate.

The vzajku religion


meteorolgico1 (not 7) 4 [mtrlOZk] [m1tjwrwlOZjkw], this one attested on Rdio Graciosa, 26 June 2014

Peculiarity


Esperanto is a language that falls outside of the scope of ISO-8859-1, because of its u with breve and c, g, s, j and h with a circumflex. An old workaround is to write ‘ch’ for ‘ĉ’ etc., but this isn’t 100% unambiguous. For example, when converting a web page written with this convention, you must take care that the ‘ch’ in charset=ISO-8859-1 in the head isn’t also converted, to become ĉarset!

A newer convention is to use ‘cx’ instead of ‘ch’, ‘sx’ for ‘sh’, etc. But that is ugly. The real characters of course look best.

Exotic entities


Or conscious choice, for effect?

I don’t know, but I do know that I don’t like it. It degrades the otherwise nice songs and lyrics.

Rouille Veux l'Eauzou


Exchanging money for money seems useless. Why would you do that, the net effect is zero! Simple answer: it does make sense if the conditions are different.

Mutual agreement


We understand many things from the only comprehensive answer – including why federal governments of every republic across the world are forced to over-spend, [...]

They are not forced to overspend, but they do it anyway. Why? Because they want to be popular so they will be re-elected. Spending government money is appreciated by people and companies that benefit from it. Governments hesitate to raise taxes accordingly, although that is the logical consequence of spending more tax money.

Interest back into circulation


In fact, a bank enters into a financial relationship with its clients. There are claims (assets) and obligations (liabilities) between the bank and its clients. The bank however does not interfere in claims or obligations between its clients. Such bilateral claims and obligations between bank clients do also exist, but the bank does not have anything to do with them.

Promissory obligations to each other (c)


In a Mathematically Perfected Economy (MPE) with a Common Monetary Infrastructure (CMI), as proposed by Mike Montagne and his followers, anyone can buy a house with a promise.

The promise of somebody’s labour or economic production over a period of a hundreds years, they assume, will be accepted as payment to the builders of a new house or the owner of an existing house.

Buying a house with a promise


Balance sheets are always important and clarifying. And then again we see that the statement ‘money is debt’ is correct – but for the bank, not the public.

From the point of view of the central bank, outstanding banknotes are a liability. Therefore they are present on the right side (credit side) of the balance sheet. In other words: banknotes in circulation to the central bank are debt.

Money as debt? Money as claims!


Portuguese berma is from French berme, which comes from Dutch berm. It means "(grassy) side of the road" in Dutch.

Portuguese words of Germanic origin


Tera is not terra and it is not from the Latin word terra that means ‘earth, soil, region’.

What tera was derived from I read in Wikipedia: the Greek word τέρας meaning ‘monster’. Analogous, no doubt, to the prefix giga, which is from a word for ‘giant’: γίγας.

One letter



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